The cardholder presents the card as payment to the merchant and the merchant submits the transaction to the acquirer (acquiring bank). The acquirer verifies the credit card number, the transaction type and the amount with the issuer (Card-issuing bank) and reserves that amount of the cardholder's credit limit for the merchant. An authorization will generate an approval code, which the merchant stores with the transaction.
Batching: Authorized transactions are stored in "batches", which are sent to the acquirer. Batches are typically submitted once per day at the end of the business day. If a transaction is not submitted in the batch, the authorization will stay valid for a period determined by the issuer, after which the held amount will be returned to the cardholder's available credit .
Some transactions may be submitted in the batch without prior authorizations; these are either transactions falling under the merchant's floor limit or ones where the authorization was unsuccessful but the merchant still attempts to force the transaction through. (Such may be the case when the cardholder is not present but owes the merchant additional money, such as extending a hotel stay or car rental.
Clearing and Settlement: The acquirer sends the batch transactions through the credit card association, which debits the issuers for payment and credits the acquirer. Essentially, the issuer pays the acquirer for the transaction.
Funding: Once the acquirer has been paid, the acquirer pays the merchant. The merchant receives the amount totaling the funds in the batch minus either the "discount rate," "mid-qualified rate", or "non-qualified rate" which are tiers of fees the merchant pays the acquirer for processing the transactions.
Whatever the business, it is invariably linked with its Bank or Banks on a day-to-day basis. Often, transactions could run into thousands per month for even a small business. Business managers get a real boost from this new functionality built into Tally.ERP 9 Release 3.0. In fact, it's so powerful and all-encompassing that Banking is assigned its own New Section within the product.
Multiple instrument and Mode of Transaction details in single voucher The new Banking feature allows you to record and monitor multiple transactions in a single voucher. Also, while the old system only captured the dates of transactions, this feature allows the monitoring of transactions by Amount, Date, Instrument Number or modes (like NEFT, Cheque, DD, etc.), thereby conveying a more complete picture. The ability to identify payment modes in the system and separate dates for each instrument eases bank reconciliation.